Types of Prepositions

The ‘Prepositions’ are a part of the parts of speech which connect words, clauses and sentences together and show the relations between them. In a sentence, the preposition shows relationships among other words in the sentence that include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.

He went to shop-here ‘to’ is a preposition and shows direction

She came on foot-here ‘by’ is a preposition which shows manner

We will be there by four o’clock- here ‘by’ is a preposition which shows time

The dog is under the bed-here ‘under’ is a preposition which shows place.

In a sentence, a preposition always goes on with a noun or pronoun and is called the object of the preposition. The preposition almost always follows a noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition.  The preposition along with object of the preposition together is called a prepositional phrase. Here are some examples for prepositional phases.


Prepositional Phrases:

on the building

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Over the building is the devil

Inside the room

There are over 100 prepositions in English language. The advantage of prepositions over the other parts of speech is that they do not change remain unaltered to the case, gender etc of the word they are referring to. Prepositions are classified into two types.

1) Simple prepositions: They are simply the prepositions involving only one word. This is the list of simple prepositions.



Off,Opposite,Out,Outside,Over,Past,Since,Through,To,Toward,Under,Underneath,Until,Upon,With etc.

2) Compound prepositions: These prepositions contain more than one word. Here is the list of most commonly used compound prepositions.

In between, Because of,In front of,On behalf of,In the middle of,According to,By means of,In addition to,In ,back of,In case of,In front of,In place of,In spite of,Instead of,On top of etc.

Prepositions are like idioms and are best learned through conversations and reading as much as possible. We recommend the following ways for you learn prepositions better

  • Break the material down into bite-sized pieces. (With the list of prepositions, learn one column at a time.)
  • Expose yourself to the material in a variety of ways: read it, recite it, read it aloud, and write it.
  • If you are learning a concept or a rule, make sure that you are thorough with it as if you are both student and teacher.
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