We all know about adverbs which are one of the parts of speech that modify or qualify a verb, an adjective or another adverb. Now in this topic let us learn about different kinds of adverbs, when we have to use them and how to use them.
Example: She drove slowly. (Modify a verb).
He drove the car very fast (modifies adjective).
He drove quite slowly all the way down.(modifies another adverb).
Adverbs are classified into the following 5 types.
Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of place
Adverbs of time
Adverbs of frequency
Adverbs of degree
ADVERBS OF MANNER –These adverbs answer the question ‘how’.
These adverbs usually come after the direct object. If there is no direct object, they come after the verb.
He speaks English beautifully.
She sings well.
ADVERBS OF PLACE – They answer the question ‘where’.
These adverbs usually come after the object or otherwise, after the verb.
We saw Sam there.
Anitha was sitting here.
We searched everywhere.
Have you seen my room keys anywhere?
I’m sure he lost it somewhere.
ADVERBS OF TIME - They answer the question ‘when’.
These adverbs usually are to be used at the very beginning of the sentence or at the end.
Afterwards we planned a trip for Goa.
I already read that article before.
Note: yet should be always placed at the end of the sentence.
Still should be placed prior to the verb in a sentence. The exception is the verb ‘to be’, where it comes after the verb.
I haven’t started preparation for the exams yet.
I’m still a student.
He still hasn’t arrived.
He hasn’t arrived yet.
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY – These adverbs answer the question ‘how many times’.
She is always honest.
They come before simple tenses of all verbs.
They sometimes spend the whole of Sunday fishing.
Comes after the first auxiliary in a sentence containing more than one verb.
I have often amazed how they performed so.
He can sometimes go without sleep for days.
With ‘used to’ and ‘have’, the frequency adverb is usually placed in the front of the sentence.
I always used to look forward for the weekends.
I never had any trouble with my old bike.
ADVERBS OF DEGREE – These adverbs answer the question ‘to what extent’?
These adverbs modify an adverb or an adjective and usually come before the word they modify.
The bench is almost full, nearly empty.
He should be able to pass the exam quite easily.
He quite understands.
I had almost reached my house when my father went.
I am just switching to a new job.
If you begin a sentence with one of the following adverbs, the normal order of words change, i.e., the verb comes first followed by the subject.
Never, not only, scarcely when, seldom, only then, no sooner than, nowhere, in no circumstances, no sooner than, on no account,
Seldom has one institution fails seen in such a short span.
No sooner did I give him a phone call when he was just before me.