Adjectives are one of the parts of speech that modify nouns or pronouns noun-equivalents which can be a single word, a phrase, or a clause. We already know how to use the adjective properly. In this post let us learn about different kinds of adjectives.
Let us recall the definition of adjectives with some example:
Example: great, simple, silly, righteous, brave, etc.
Adjectives extract answers from the following questions:
- What kind?
- How much?
- Which one?
- How many?
What kind? – A black shirt, a smart boy
How much? – More effort, less sugar
Which one?-Second in the list
How many?-ten bikes, several ways
There are five kinds of adjectives: common adjectives, compound adjectives,
Articles, indefinite adjectives and proper adjectives,.
1. Common adjectives are used to describe nouns or pronouns.
2. Proper adjectives are adjectives formed from proper nouns.
Mexican vegetables (from the noun “Mexico”)
Newyork food (from the noun “Newyork”)
3. Compound adjectives are made up of more than one word.
4. Articles are a special kind of adjectives. There are three: a, an and the.
‘The’ is a “definite article” because it always refers to a specific thing.
‘A’ and ‘an’ are “indefinite articles” because they are used refer to general things i.e. ‘a’ with
consonant sounds and ‘an’ before vowel sounds.
5. Indefinite adjectives are adjectives that don’t specify the specific amount of something being mentioned.
The following are indefinite adjectives.
All, another, any, both, each, either, few, many, more, most, neither, other, several, some.
Here are some important guidelines concerning adjectives; when and how to use adjectives:
1. Use an adjective when you modify a noun or a pronoun.
Jimmy was unwilling to leave the campus.
2. Always use vivid adjectives in order to make your writing more specific and descriptive.
Give him a larger slice of the luscious cake.
3. Try to use an appropriate adjective after a linking verb. A linking verb is a verb that connects the subject with a descriptive word. The common linking verbs are be (is, am, are, was, were, and so on),
appear, look, taste, feel, smell, sound, become, grow, remain, seem, stay, and turn.
Cake made this way tastes even more delicious.
4) To make comparisons, we will often use comparative or superlative adjectives. Always remember to use comparative adjectives when discussing two objects. We have to use superlative adjectives when we have three or more objects under comparison. Consider these examples.
John has a laptop which has a far better configuration than Linkin and Scotty.
Prof. Srinivasa Ramanujan is considered as the greatest of the geniuses.